|The following technique is what we use at The Candlemaker for making basic mold and jar candles using the products we provide. There are many other techniques, however this works well for us and we hope it will help you achieve successful results.
Preparing the mold
Lightly spray the inside of the mold with
mold release. Choose the proper size wick and tie a slip knot at one end. Then cut the wick to fit the length of the mold allowing for it to extend about one inch above the top of the mold. Prime the wick by dipping it into the wax for approximately 30 seconds and then after removing it, wipe off the excess wax using a rag. Thread the wick through the hole at the base of the mold, wrap the knot with a thin strip of paper towel, and place mold seal between the paper towel and the mold. Press down firmly on the knot to ensure you have a good seal on the hole. If using a mold magnet, thread the wick through the hole at the base of the mold leaving about 1/2 inch extending out of the hole. Place the magnet on the base of the mold and press down firmly making sure all edges of the magnet make contact with the mold. Pull the wick taught through the center of the mold, making sure it runs straight through the center. Secure the centered wick at the top of the mold by tying it to a stick or rod.
For candles in containers
We suggest using zinc core wick. Cut the wick to desired length and secure a wick tab to one end. Place the wick tab in the center of the container. When pouring the wax, first pour approximately 1/2 inch of liquid wax in the container (enough to cover the tab entirely). Allow that wax to set up but not cool completely. This will secure the tab to the base of the container so the wick will remain centered. After several minutes, you may proceed to fill the candle the rest of the way. Tap the sides of the container after filling to release any air bubbles that may have formed when pouring the candle. As the candle cools, follow the steps 7 & 8 below for poking and topping off your candle, and be sure to adjust your wick to keep it centered during the cooling process.
1. Melt Wax using a double boiler system. Use the appropriate wax for the type of candle you intend to make.
2. Mix in additives such as stearic acid (3 tbls. per 1lb. of wax) or
(1 tsp. per lb. of wax) To achieve a mottled look in your candles, add approximately 1/2 - 1 teaspoon of the stearic acid per pound of wax you are melting. Do not add vybar or
beeswax for mottled candles. To achieve a solid even color, add either 1 teaspoon of vybar of 3 tablespoons of the stearic acid plus 10%
beeswax per pound of wax melted.
3. Add color dye to desired effect
4. Add fragrance oil (1/2 oz - 1 oz per 1 pound of wax is recommended)
Be sure to use a thermometer in the wax during the melting process and NEVER leave melting wax unattended.
5. Pour wax mixture into containers and plastic molds at 170-180 degrees.
Pour wax mixture into metal molds at 180-200 degrees.
For mottled candles pour at 180 degrees.
6. After pouring, gently tap the mold or container to bring any air bubbles to the surface.
7. As wax cools it shrinks. Once the top forms approximately a thick layer of solid wax, you will need to poke through that surface close to the wick. This will create a cavity allowing you to access any air pockets which may form while the candle cools.
8.Refill these cavities with melted wax. (Once again pouring at the temperatures indicated above)
You may need to repeat steps 7 and 8 several times as the wax cools. Refills should be done while the candle is still warm. If you wait too long, the wax will pull away from the sides of the mold/container and when you refill you may get seepage between the mold and the side of the candle.
Removing the candle from the Mold
You should allow at least 8 hours for the candle to cool before attempting to remove it from the mold. (You will need to wait longer for larger candles) Untie the slip knot and remove the mold seal and paper towel or remove the mold magnet from the base of the mold. Turn the mold upside down and the candle should slide out easily. If it does not you can pull gently on the excess wick at the bottom of the candle to release it.
Remember, the base of the mold forms the top of the candle, so you will need to flatten the bottom of the candle so it will stand properly. If the mold was filled completely to the top, you can scrape across the top of the mold using a scraper before you remove the candle from the mold. If you have only filled the mold part way, you will need to use another method for flattening the bottom of the candle. You could heat up a pan and then after removing it from the heat, rub bottom of the candle on the pan to achieve a flat surface.
Trim the wick of the candle to 1/4 inch before burning.